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ReButton

Docs for ReButton

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ReButton is now available at Seeed Bazaar.

日本語版ドキュメント

HoL document in Simplified Chinese

Overview

Build IoT solutions with IoT Button!

Seeed ReButton is a developer device for simple trigger actions, supporting multiple clicks and long press.
In addition, you can connect Seeed Grove sensors to add more data points.

  1. When you push ReButton, it will power up and connect to Internet via pre-configured Wi-Fi.
  2. ReButton will receive Device Twin changes from pre-configured Azure IoT Central or Azure IoT Hub.
  3. ReButton will send Device to Cloud Message to pre-configured Azure IoT Central or Azure IoT Hub.
  4. After D2C message is sent, ReButton will shutdown.

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Key Features

Multiple Trigger Support

Seeed Grove Sensor Support

Connect I2C or GPIO Grove sensors to the bottom of ReButton.

NOTE:
Software development/update is required.

Cloud Support

Supports Azure IoT Central and Azure IoT Hub.

OTA Support

You can update ReButton firmware over-the-air.

Low Energy Design

ReButton runs with 2x AAA Alkaline battery.

Quickstarts

1. Getting access to ReButton

Use AP Mode (Access Point Mode) to configure ReButton. To avoid battery drain, ReButton will automatically shutdown in 10 minutes, at AP mode. So that we recommend you to setup IoT Hub or IoT Central, first.

AP Mode consume power. Please use fresh battery to start using ReButton.

  1. Hold button until RGB LED turns into White.
    RGB LED will start with Blue, Yellow, Cyan, then White. This will take about 10 seconds.

  2. Release button and confirm ReButton is in AP mode.
    When ReButton successfully boots into AP Mode, RGB LED will blink in White.

  3. Connect to AP
    Look for Wi-Fi Access Point AZB-xxxxxxxxxxxx and connect to it from your PC.
    (xxxxxxxxxxxx is MAC address of your ReButton Wi-Fi.)

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  1. Use a Web Browser to access ReButton - Home at http://192.168.0.1.

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2. Wi-Fi Configuration

Configure Wi-Fi settings to connect to Internet.

  1. Click Wi-Fi at ReButton - Home.

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  1. Select your Wi-Fi Access Point from Wi-Fi SSID list.
    If you do not see your Access Point, refresh browser.
  2. Enter Wi-Fi Passphrase for your Wi-Fi AP.
  3. In case you would like to use specific Internet Time Server, enter FQDN to Time Server.
    Default Internet Time Server is pool.ntp.org -> cn.pool.ntp.org -> europe.pool.ntp.org -> asia.pool.ntp.org -> oceania.pool.ntp.org .

  4. Click Save.

3. Cloud Configuration

3-1. Azure IoT Hub

NOTE: Skip to next section if you would like to connct to Azure IoT Central.

In order to send Device to Cloud (D2C) message to Azure IoT Hub, save Connection String in ReButton.

To get the connection string, This page could be helpful.

  1. Browse to ReButton - Home page then click Azure IoT Hub.
  2. Paste Connection String to Azure IoT Hub connection string.
  3. Click Save.

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3-2. Azure IoT Central

NOTE: Skip this section if you already configured IoT Hub at section 3-1.

In order to send Device to Cloud (D2C) message to Azure IoT Central, save device provisioning information in ReButton.

In order to connect ReButton to Azure IoT Central, the device template for ReButton needs to be defined in you Azure IoT Central Application. Please refer Azure IoT Central Document for more information.

  1. Create a device template for ReButton in Azure IoT Central.
Type Field Name Values
Telemetry batteryVoltage Battery Voltage Level (Volt)
State actionNum 1:Single click, 2:Double click, 3:Triple click, 10:Long press, 11:Super long press
Event message  
  1. Create a device in Azure IoT Central.

  2. Click Connect on Top Right corner of Azure IoT Central page.
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  3. Copy 3 values.
    1. Scope ID
    2. Device ID
    3. Primary Key
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  4. Browse to ReButton - Home page then click Azure IoT Central.
  5. Enter Scope ID, Device ID, SAS Key from Azure IoT Central.
  6. Click Save.
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4. Power off

Exit AP Mode and power off ReButton.

  1. Click Shutdown button.

Other informations

Device To Cloud (D2C) Messsage

Button push will trigger D2C message to the cloud.
ReButton supports 5 types of button triggers and default D2C message strings are following.

Clicks RGB led actionNum message
Single click Blue 1 “Single click”
Double click Lime 2 “Double click”
Triple click Magenta 3 “Triple click”
Long press (> 3sec.) Yellow 10 “Long press”
Super long press (> 6sec.) Cyan 11 “Super long press”

Examples of D2C message:

{
  "actionNum": "1",
  "message": "Single click",
  "batteryVoltage": 2.59
}

{
  "actionNum": "2",
  "message": "Double click",
  "batteryVoltage": 2.59
}

{
  "actionNum": "3",
  "message": "Triple click",
  "batteryVoltage": 2.59
}

{
  "actionNum": "10",
  "message": "Long press",
  "batteryVoltage": 2.59
}

{
  "actionNum": "11",
  "message": "Super long press",
  "batteryVoltage": 2.59
}

Firmware Development

Development environment

Please download and install Arduino IDE, not web editor.

On the preferenceof Arduino IDE, enter https://www.seeed.co.jp/package_SeeedJP_index.json to “Additional Boards Manager URLs”.

ide_preference

Then goes to the Boards Manager from Tools > Board. And search ReButton board package by entering “rebutton”. Then choose the candidate and click the “install” button.

boards_manager

After the install process ( it may take a few minutes ) you can choose “ReButton” through Tool -> Board on Arduino IDE.

Firmware sample code

The source code is:

Firmware OTA Update

ReButton supports Firmware OTA.
Browse to Firmware Update page to see the current vesrion of firmware and update to new firmware.

Current Firmware Version

Browse to ReButton - Home then click Firmware Update to see current firmware version of ReButton.

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How to update firmware through OTA

For OTA firmware update process, please refer this page.

SWD (Serial Wire Debug)

ReButton has SWD pads for MCU development. Please do this on your own risk, it is easy to make your ReButton brick.
Following picture show the SWD signals of the PAD. You can connect this PADs to debug adapters by using TC2030-CTX 6-Pin Cable or solder directly to the PADs.

SWD PADs

We are preparing for providing software development informations and affordable debug adapter. For your recovering purpose, you can download ReButton default firmware binary from here. You need to flash this binary for target STM32F412RG and flash address 0x0800 0000 since this default firmware binary includes bootloader. ( When you flash a binary without bootloader, you should flash address 0x0800 C000. )

example:

openocd -f /usr/local/share/openocd/scripts/interface/cmsis-dap.cfg -c 'transport select swd' -f /usr/local/share/openocd/scripts/target/stm32f4x.cfg -c "program ReButton.1.0.bin verify reset 0x8000000"

Specification

Hardware

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Description Value
MCU module MXCHIP EMW3166
Input 1x Push button
Output 1x RGB led
Extension 1x I2C Grove connector (3.3V I/O)
Extras 1x Jumper switch
  1x SWD pads
  1x UART for debugging
Power supply 2x AAA Alkaline batteries (LR03)
Internal supply voltage 3.3V
Dimension 70mm*70mm*25mm

Design files

CC-BY-SA
These files are licensed under CC-BY-SA.